# Data Interpretation

The data can be represented in the following ways :

- Numerical data tables
- Bar diagrams
- Line graphs
- Pie diagrams

**Numerical data tables**

- Simple tables A simple table gives information about only one single characteristic of the data

**Example: **Let us consider the following tables

**Annual production of wheat by a country**

**Manifold tables:**A manifold table gives the information about two or more characteristics of the data

**Number of marks of a student in various subjects and in various years**

**Frequency distribution table:**In this type of data all observations are divided into groups. These groups are called class intervals .

The number of times each value occurs is called frequency.

**Consider the following tables**

First of all you have to learn about percentage, ratio ,sector angle in circle and graph of 10th class level . Because most questions in data interpretation are about percentage , ratio and sector angle and they can be given in the form of line graph or bar graph

**Some tips for preparing data interpretation section**

- Read the question carefully before start away with the pen.
- Solve the easier question first and after that move on difficult one.
- DI questions needs a lot of concentration because there is given a lot of data and lot of calculations and do not mix up the data from one question to another
- DI questions may include simple interest and compound interest, percentage , partnership, average , ratio,etc. So if you want to solve DI questions you have to learn all topics, which come in BANK PO i.e. your basics should be clear.

**Some tricks to solve Data interpretation questions**

- Always remember that in circular graph or in pie chart the value of the all angles = 360 degree
- If something is given in percentage, then the complete value of graph = 100%
- If something is given in fraction, then the value of all the factors = 1

** ****Practice sets**

**Directions (1 – 5): **Study the table carefully and answer the question given below

Above Data shows Percentage of Population working in different sectors in a city and Percentage of Women of total population indulged in same industry. 10% of total population who works in transport also works in medical. Solve following questions. If total Population is 50000.

**1.** What is ratio of Men working in BPO to Women working in Mining industry.

**a) **22/37

b) 11/89

c) 63/37

d) 89/11

e) None of these

**2. **How many men needs to join BPO industry So that ratio of Men and women working in BPO becomes 1:1

a)8400

b) 5600

c) 9360

d) 7600

e) None of these

**3.** What is average of working women per industry.

a) 7200

b) 6200.54

c) 4500

d) 7347.5

e) None of these

**4.** Considering output ratio of Mining industry same from above ratio of Men and women , Department wanted to make total ratio of Men and women 1:1 . How many women needs to be employed more.

a) 1560

b) 2410

c) 1250

d) 2015

e) None of these

**5.** What percentage of men needs to be increased of total number of current men to make number equivalent to women.

a) 12.13%

b) 18.23%

c) 16.8.75%

d) 25.43%

e) None of these

**Directions (6-10):** Study the following pie chart carefully and answer the questions given below.

Total income of the family is 7,20,000

Sector angle is given according to the money spent by a family in a year

**6. **The expenditure on housing is what percent of education?

a) 66.6%

b) 50%

c) 33.3%

d) 60%

e) none of these

**7.** The expenditure on others is?

a) 1,60,000

b) 2,40,000

c) 80,000

d) 1,00,000

e) none of these

**8. **The difference between the sum of housing and education and the sum of others and transport is?

a) 30,000

b) 20,000

c) 40,000

d) 50000

e) none of these

**9.** What amount (in percentage) of savings should be spent on others so that the ratio of others and the education is 1:1?

a)`30%

b) 20%

c) 50%

d) 25%

e) none of these

**10.** The total expenditures on education is equal to the sum of expenditures on?

a) Entertain and others

b) Housing and transport

c) Housing and others

d) Entertain and housing

e) None of these

**Direction (11-15):** Study the following pie-chart carefully and answer the questions given below.

**Percentage of people in a city working in night shifts from various industries**

**Total number of people = 40250**

**11**. What is the respective ratio of men to the women working in night shifts from the Call Centre industry?

#### a) 9 : 11

#### b)7 : 5

#### c.) 8 :13

#### d)11 : 7

#### e) None of these

**12**.What is the approximate average number of females working in night shifts from all the industries together?

#### a) 2227

#### b) 4481

#### c) 3326

#### d) 2823

#### e) 4107

**13. **What is the total number of men working in night shifts from all the industries together?

#### a) 28297

#### b) 25788

#### c) 28678

#### d) 26887

#### e) None of these

**14**. The number of women from the Gaming industry are what percent of the total number of people working in the night shifts from all the industries together?

#### a) 5.6

#### b) 3.6

#### c) 3.2

#### d) 4.4

#### e) None of these

**15**. What is the difference between the total number of men and the total number of women working in night shifts from all the industries together?

#### a) 13254

#### b) 13542

#### c) 13524

#### d) 13363

#### e) None of these

**Directions (16 – 20): **Study the bar graph carefully to answer the questions that follow :

**Production and sale of printers of various companies in a month**

**16. **What is the respective ratio of the total production of companies D and E to the total sale of the same companies ?

a) 28 : 15

b) 9 : 5

c) 15 : 11

d) 2 : 3

e) None of these

**17**. What is the average number of units produced by all the companies together ?

a) 675

b) 650

c) 625

d) 600

e) None of these

**18**. Which company had the highest percentage of sale with respect to its production ?

a) D

b) B

c) E

d) A

e) None of these

**19**. What is the average number of units sold by all the companies together ?

a) 360

b) 390

c) 375

d) 410

e) None of these

**20**. The total units sold by these companies A, B and C together is approximately what percent of the total units produced of these companies ?

a) 62%

b) 50%

c) 76%

d) 84%

e) 58%

**Directions (21 – 25):** Study the following graph carefully to answer the questions given below it.

**21.** By what percent approximately is the amount invested by Gaurang in schemes A and C together more than that invested by Varun in the schemes B and E together ?

a) 62%

b. 60%

c. 66%

d. 68%

e. 71%

**22.** What was the average investment of Varun in the schemes taken into consideration ?

a) 5100

b) 51000

c) 306000

d) 52000

e) None of these

**23.** By what percent approximately is the total investment of Varun in schemes B, D and E together less than that made by Gaurang in the same schemes?

a) 27

b) 20

c) 23

d) 29

e) 31

**24.** What is the respective ratio between the total investment of Varun in schemes C and D together and that of gaurang in the schemes E and F together ?

a) 17 : 19

b) 11 : 17

c) 11 : 13

d) 13 : 11

e) 19 : 17

**25.** The investment by Gaurang in scheme F in comparison to scheme B is more by

a) 100%

b) 80%

c) 95%

d) 120%

e) None of these

# Answers

**1. a 2. c 3. e 4. a 5. a**

**6. a 7. b 8. b 9. d 10. d**

**11. e 12. a 13.d 14. b 15. c **

**16. a 17. b 18. d 19. c 20. e**

**21.a 22. b 23. c 24. b 25. a**